The indigenous Australians are said to be direct descendants of migrants from Africa who left the African continent about 75, years ago. Australia Facts Interesting Facts for Kids.
Australia is the smallest continent of the world which is surrounded by the Indian and the Pacific oceans. Australia as a country, is the 6th largest country in the world with some unique and interesting facts. We have gathered the complete set of Australia Facts for Kids which will give kids a brief overview about the Australia as a continent and as a country.
The climate in Southern Australia is temperate to warm. The Tasmanian mountains and Australian Alps in the south are very cold. Their peaks remain snow-capped throughout the year. Rain may not fall in this region for years. This part of Australia contains the coastal area. The north coastal areas have tropical and hot climate. The average yearly rainfall in the north-eastern part of Australia is inches. Sometimes, tropical storms occur in the coastal areas resulting in cyclones and heavy rainfall.
Animals of Australia Australia is home a very wide variety of animals. There are many animals which are only found in Australia and nowhere else in the world. The different types of animals found in Australia are:. There are different species of only Marsupials and many other species of Monotremes egg-laying mammals and other mammals in Australia. Some of the famous mammals of Australia are: Dingo Wild dog 2.
Numbat Banded anteater 3. Quoll Carnivorous Marsupial 4. Tasmanian devil Carnivorous Marsupial 5. Kangaroo Facts for Kids 7. Duck-billed Platypus Monotreme 8. Koala Birds There are more than species of birds in Australia, half of which are only found in Australia. The main cities in Australia are: The cities are all located at the coast or close to the coast. The country's interior, which covers two thirds of the country, consist of desert landscape which is referred to as 'outback'.
The main city in the country's interior is Alice Springs. To read about Australian landmarks and the Top 10 Visitor Attractions in Australia, click here to go to our special page. Aborigines are Australia's first or indigenous people. The indigenous Australians are said to be direct descendants of migrants from Africa who left the African continent about 75, years ago. They have migrated over the Australasian continent until they settled in Australia around 60, years ago.
Today indigenous people live in all main cities but most of them still live in the desert areas of the Australian outback. On the image above, you can see a man playing the didgeridoo, a kind of wooden trumpet, which is really difficult to play. The 'outback' is the vast, dry and remote inland parts of the Australian continent.
Some aboriginal people live still in the sacred area around Ayres Rock, a huge rock formation in the centre of the continent. They are highly skilled in arts and crafts and share with visitors their vast knowledge about the land and the environment. The indigenous people call this sacred mountain 'Uluru'.
Australia is home to many animal species. Roadsigns in Australia warn drivers about wild animals mainly kangaroos that might hop across the roads. Kangaroos are marsupials, which means, they carry their babies in their pouches. See the cute little joey this is how baby kangaroos are called.
Wombats are also marsupials. Wombats have sharp teeth, but are herbivores. This means they eat grasses, bark and roots.
Australia Geography Australia Maps. Australia is a country in the Southern hemisphere and belongs to Oceania. Australia/Oceania is the smallest continent of the seven continents and many consider it as the largest island in the world, however, Greenland is the biggest island country. Western Australia is a state of Australia and it is 1,, square miles (2,, km²). Just to give you an idea of how big that is, England would fit into the state over 20 times, Germany over 7 times and France around 4 times! Australia's ecosystem is an unusual one because of its remote location. As a result, there are many animal species that occur here and nowhere else in the world, such as the platypus, kangaroo, .